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Summary of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Poland

Poland is a low prevalence country, with stable epidemiological situation. Since the research was started in 1985 until December 31, 2017, there were 22 657 HIV infections detected in Poland. The number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the country is estimated 20-25 thousand including those who are unaware of their infection. Each year the Country reports approximately one thousand new HIV infections.


The main routes of HIV infection in people infected with HIV who have been registered:
infections due to IDU   6 347
infections due to sexual contact between men  3 451
infections due to heterosexual contact   1 758

AIDS cases   3 558
deaths due to AIDS   1 382

Data from NIZP – PZH reports www.pzh.gov.pl


In 2017, 1526 HIV cases were registered in Poland (88% in men). The dominant route of HIV infection is sexual contact between men (MSM). In 2017, 11 000 patients were receiving ARV therapy.

Poland has been among the first countries of Central and Eastern Europe to offer a wide and free-of-charge access to diagnostics, antiretroviral treatment and care for people living with HIV/AIDS.

ART programme is run in 22 Polish hospitals and medical units, that serve as bases for the referential centers that treat people infected with HIV in the country.

Unified and integrated ARV treatment in all Polish regions has been developed and financed since 2001, within the framework of the health policy program of the Ministry of Health called “Antiretroviral treatment of people living with HIV in Poland”. 

(data from National AIDS Centre)


added: 20.11.2018

National Aids Centre Agenda of the Ministry of HealthAll Rights Reserved 2018

National Aids Centre Agenda of the Ministry of Health

All Rights Reserved 2017

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