Summary of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Poland
Poland is a low prevalence country, with stable epidemiological situation. As from the start of the study in 1985 until 31st December 2019, a total of 25 457 HIV infections were detected in Poland (taking into account data corrections and updates, including the elimination of double-registered cases). Each year the Country reports approximately one thousand new HIV infections.
The main routes of HIV infection in people who have been registered:
infections due to IDU 6 396
infections due to sexual contact between men 4 149
infections due to heterosexual contact 1 922
In almost half of the reports (48.5%), no likely route of infection was provided.
AIDS cases 3 759
deaths due to AIDS 1 428
Data from NIZP – PZH reports www.pzh.gov.pl
In 2019, 1335 HIV cases were registered in Poland mainly in men. In those cases where the route of infection is known the dominant route of HIV infection is sexual contact between men (MSM).
Poland has been among the first countries of Central and Eastern Europe to offer a wide and free access to diagnostics, antiretroviral treatment and care for people living with HIV/AIDS.
At present antiretroviral program ART is available in all regions of Poland. The program is run in 22 Polish hospitals and medical units.
The ART is financed since 2001, within the framework of the health policy program “Antiretroviral treatment of people living with HIV in Poland” of the Ministry of Health.
National Aids Centre Agenda of the Ministry of Health
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